In winter the skin is exposed not only to the influence of external factors, but also to the hot air in our homes. That makes our skin dehydrated and together with the lower circulation from the cold, and the reduced secretion of glands make the skin to be dry, cracked, and wounded.
So, which vitamins and minerals are needed to keep our skin healthy and nourished?
Vitamin that fights against skin aging, appearance of wrinkles, and makes the texture of the skin better. This vitamin is responsible for creation of collagen, which gives a strength of the skin and blood vessels, and also prevents its hanging, wrinkles appearance, blemishes and rosacea.
Strong antioxidant that fights against skin damage from sunlight, and appearance of skin cancer. It softens the rough and dry skin and fights against appearance of wrinkles, so it is a common component of creams and lotions for skin care. As a supplement you should take in a maximum dose of 400 international units per day.
The most responsible for proper regeneration of the cells and keeping soft skin with balanced tan without wrinkles and acne. In a form of retinoic acid that is an active form of this vitamin in the body, it participates in a cell renewal through promoting proper cell differentiation, modulation of dermal factors of growth, decreasing the activity of sebaceous glands, and suppression of the androgen hormones formation. This is why it is particularly effective in the treatment of acne, psoriasis, eczema, and other conditions followed by with dry and rough skin like ichthyosis and keratosis pilaris.
With this group of vitamins for our skin, of great importance are 3 of them: biotin (B7), pantothenic acid (B5), and niacin (B3). Biotin participates in cellular metabolic processes important for the construction of skin cells, nails, and the fiber follicles. In a shortage, may occur dermatitis with itching and peeling of the skin, and thinning and loss of hair. Pantothenic acid and niacin are responsible for the regeneration of the skin through their anti-inflammatory effect, and keeping the adequate hydration, increasing its volume and tone.
For this vitamin it is considered that has a big role in reducing the dark circles around the eyes and bruises on the skin. This action of vitamin K was especially noticed in the use of creams that contain this vitamin, for the treatment of skin after laser intervention and for treatment of the area around the eyes, which combined with vitamin A reduces dark circles and wrinkles in that area.
This mineral together with vitamin C and zinc are responsible for the synthesis of the elastic fibers which are the basic building substances to the skin. Researches showed that using of copper peptides within the care creams leads to increased elasticity and firmness of the skin by smoothing of fine wrinkles and leveling the complexion.
A powerful antioxidant that helps the skin to get rid of free radicals and with that it stimulates the regeneration and renewal of the skin. It also helps in reducing wrinkles.